Simple English Vocabulary and explanation  of Buddhist Dhamma words
 

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Simple English Vocabulary and explanation  of  some Buddhist Dhamma words

In relation to the following  my article in this site

Depression Relief Buddhist law Karma and rebirth

"Thanha"  තණ්හා        The Meaning is Bonded , Attached in to the spot
Upadana"  උපාදාන Wishes, Desires
"Samsara" or "San + Saara" සංසාර  = සං+සාර San සං means , addition, collection, gathering
Saara සාර Means, desirable , fruitful, beneficial

San + Saara means , Going on the endless birth and death circle, due to the misunderstanding of that gathering a collection of good and bad Karmas are beneficial while in reality it leads to endless sufferings

"Niroodha" නිරෝධ The ruminating thought process, or the thinking round and round on something is called Roodha රෝධ and stop thinking like that is called Niroodha නිරෝධ
"Mooha" මෝහ Dilution, wrongful assessment, misinterpretation, Ego
"Raaga" රාග Lust, Greed, Attachment through desire
"Dwesha" ද්වේශ Anger, Hatred, Revengeful attachment
"Anushaya" අනුෂය Karmic seeds,  Defilements

"Assada". අස්සාද (ආශ්වාද )

There is no direct single English word for this Aaa..swada (Pronounsed as :Aaa..h..Swada feeling of AaaH or Wow, an extreme feeling of pain or pleasure)

Assada. අස්සාද (ආශ්වාද ) is what keeps you bound to this cruel game of life and death called Samsara are also attractions offered to please your five senses as well as the mind. That means visions to please your eyes, sounds to please your ears, smells, tastes, sensory pleasers through your skin. Because of the desire for those attractions ( Those attractions are called in one word  as Kaama's කාම )
"Kaama" කාම Definition of Kaama (Kaama = Kaa + Ama =  කා + ඇම = Eating the Lure) "Kaama" means Attractions offered to please your five senses as well as the mind. That means visions to please your eyes, sounds to please your ears, smells, tastes, sensory pleasers through your skin.
"Avidya" අවිද්‍යා " written also as avijjā" Means  thinking that "Kaamas" are of value, pleasurable, good, enjoyable, and stays as you like..  and not realizing that Kaamas lead  you to sufferings and makes you bound to Samsara ... Hence an another name for Kaama is Dukkha (Suffering)
"Aadeenawa"ආදීනව = ආදී + නව = Aadee + Nava = resultant nine Consequence, Consequence of Assada is the Aadeenawa, that means Assada eventually brings forth 9 kind of consequences of sufferings which is normally hidden from the view of a normal person due to  his/her Avidya.

Resulting 9 kinds of Sufferings are 1. Birth, 2 sickness 3 Old age 4 Death  5  Sadness, Sorrow, weeping, 6 Struggle to make a living is suffering. 7 Loss of loved ones 8 Compelled to put up with tormentors or enemies is suffering, 9 Not gaining things you desired is suffering and in short the burden of pleasing the five senses of the body

"Nissaranaya"  නිස්සරණය Giving up, relinquishment , loosing of interest.  After understanding the consequences of Assada and seeing the Aadeenawa, of that, a person follows the path of Nissaranaya
"Sankara" සංකාර , San + kaara,  සං + කාර San සං mean , collection, Kaara  Means Activities, "Sankara" means activities of mental, physical and verbal nature which may or may not lead to collection of good or bad karmas.  

Even though Sankara in general Means Good or Bad Intentions. When talking in detail every Intention (Sankara) does not create Good or Bad Karmas. Only the Intensive Good or Bad Intentions (Abhi Sankara අභි සංකාර) are powerful enough to create Karmas. For an example, your intention to eat the lunch does not create any Karmas, but while eating it you got angry enough that you feel like hitting the one you cooked the meal, then you generate Abhi Sankaras  of violence and hence Karmas.

Good intentions are called "Punnyabhi Sankara" and Bad intentions are called "Apunyabhi Sankara".

සංකාර
යනු කුසලාකුසල චේතනා යි. කුසල චේතනා පුඤ්ඤාභිසංකාර නම් වේ. අකුසල චේතනා අපුඤ්ඤාභිසංඛාර වේ. අරෑපාවචර කුසල චේතනා ආනෙඤ්ජාභිසංඛාර වේ

"Gnana" "ඥාන" Intellect,  Wisdom
"Vingnana" වින්ඥාන Vi + Gnana වි + ඥාන = විකුර්තිවූ ඥාන Distorted perceptions,  feelings, Ideas, intellect or decisions
"Ruupa" රූප   Ruupa means images, those images can be both internal or external,  meaning either mental images or physical images,  can be of physical or sensory nature. Example Ruupa Ruupa means  mental Image of a photo of a person, Shabdha Ruupa , means Mental Image of a Sound track of a song, Ghanda rupa means , Mental image of a Smell ect. Rasa Ruupa , means mental image of a taste, Pottaba Ruupa means Mental Image of a Sensation, Mano Ruupa, means Mental Image of a Imagination.

Ruupas can be of 11 kinds, such as , mental images of past , present, or future happenings ect.

"Anichcha" අනිච්ච (Un + Ichcha = Anichcha).

Another similar sounding  but completely different meaning word is  "Anithya"
"Ichcha" means the liking, "Unichcha" Means when the things you like does not stay or behave as you like them to be  (Un + Ichcha = Anichcha) is the cause for all sorts of sufferings in the world.

අනිච්ච බව කැමති පරිදි නොපවතින සිය වසගයේ තබාගත නොහැකි හා වෙනස්වෙන නිසා දුක් ඇතිවෙන බව

For more information about "Anichcha"  and 9 ways of defining it in Sinhala please read the leaflet of Susila Thero or listen to the following Sermon in Sinhala Leaflet :Anuloma Shanthiya.pdf Sermon in Sinhala "ලොව්තුරු අරණ " ධර්ම සාකච්ඡාව 8 (02-01-21)

"Anithya" අනිත්‍ය Impermanency, decay or destruction, "Anithya" is a part of the bigger picture of what comprise of "Unichcha" Nature
"Dukkha" දුක්ඛ The direct meaning for "Dukkha" is Suffering, Reason for Dukkha  or the sufferings is "Kaama" thinking that "Kaamas" are of value, pleasurable, good, enjoyable, and stays as you like..  and not realizing the Anichcha Nature of those Kaamasthat Kaamas lead  you to sufferings by making you bound to Samsara ... Hence an another name for Kaama is Dukkha (Suffering)
"Anaththa" අනත්ථ

Another similar sounding  but completely different meaning word is  "Anathma"

Anaththa =  Un + Artha = Does not + Do good = Disastrous effects , futile pursuit, useless, to be disappointed with, nothing of substance (Asara  අසාර ) .

Because the Kaamas ultimately brings Suffering due to it's Anichcha Nature, running after Kaamas Does not do good (Anaththa)  as that  creates Karmic Seeds called Anushaya which leads to prolonging of the Samsara and hence bringing untold Sufferings (Dukkha

"Anathma" අනාත්ම Soul Less
   
 


 

Simple English Vocabulary and explanation  of  some Buddhist Dhamma words

In relation to the following  my article in this site

Depression Relief Buddhist law Karma and rebirth

 

This is my personal web site. I maintain this site because,  both Hindu Astrology and web design are  my hobbies for many years and wish to share my interest with you. Like myself, have you ever looked at your life in a different angle ?. Why good or bad things happen to us ?. Is it pure coincidence, or is there at least a certain bit of a predictable pattern ?.

Spend a few minutes with me here and experiment with the free readings to find it out yourself. I assure you this is genuine Astrology of East.

This site is one of the very first Hindu Astrology websites appeared in the Net and now more that 10 years old. To See how this web site looked ten years ago. Go to Wayback Machine

With Regards,
Lakshman Abeykoon M.Sc.  
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